a human development

training module

April 30, 1979

The Institute of Cultural Affairs

4750 North Sheridan

Chicago, Illinois 60640

Copyright c 1979

Performed in Compliance with

Cooperative Agreement No. 2940 CA


The Office of Neighborhoods

Voluntary Assistance and

Consumer Protection of the

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

Washington, D.C. 20410


Introduction 1


A. Research Workshop 2

B. Participant Recruitment 5

C. Module Leadership 6

D. Practical Arrangements 8


A. Module Overview 11

B. Field Visit 14

C. Implementation Talk 17

D. Resource Panel 20

E. Implementation Workshop 23

F. Participant Evaluation 27

Bibliography 30


The Human Development Training Modules were developed by the Institute of Cultural Affairs for use in "he Human Development Projects around the world. The module is a vehicle for releasing effective coordinated action in specific arenas of a community's life. These one day events are designed to equip participants with both an overall grasp of the arena as well as practical methods for catalyzing its rapid development in the community. The residue, however, of a one day course is more a set of practical resolutions than it is a set of refined skills. Modules bridge the gap between envisioned accomplishments in arenas of community need and the action needed to achieve those goals. They blend education and implementary planning into a unique package which trains participants in how to move effectively in their own particular situation, while simultaneously offering them methods to move in any situation. They mobilize both concerned local residents and related resource people in specific programs. Modules are designed to attack limited vision and paralyzed motivation at the local level. They are most effective where a clear need and consensus to move on a project already exist in a community, but where actual movement is frustrated. 1his manual is designed as a tool for leaders of Human Development Training Modules to use in setting up and preparing to teach modules in local communities.


Community and neighborhood leadership benefit by participation in the module in many ways. Community people who attend the module receive practical suggestions, renewed motivity, fresh sources of assistance and a concrete plan for the module arena. The module arena is selected because a significant accomplishment in this dimension will catalyze broad, sweeping change in the community. In order for such changes to occur in a local community, the leadership must see the task with new eyes, to remove past prejudice and reduced goals and broaden ideas about future opportunities.


The following workshop is intended for use by the module trainer with project leadership during the week prior to the module to begin the process of considering fresh approaches. The purpose of this workshop is to state the significant accomplishments that have already happened locally in the module arena, locate the current blocks preventing further progress and name the necessary action that would facilitate visible change in three month's time.


What would you consider to be a significant accomplishment in the module arena?

What specific actions have been completed so far?

What individuals from the community, local agencies and the surrounding region have been involved in this work?

What would you say have been breakthrus, or new insights in this area?


In what areas have you run into blocks?

What seems to slow down progress?

What is the single obstacle which if dealt with would catalyze the community's development?

III. THE "LEAP': (significant accomplishment in the module arena for catalyzing broad D sweeping change in the community.

What do you want to have happen to the community by the end of the month?

What are the key accomplishments that would occasion a "leap"?

How can the module enable this?


The module is designed to serve a diverse audience. To ensure that invitations are extended to a comprehensive list of potential participants list 10 names under each of the following categories:

1. Local residents who work in the module arena

2. Persons from the metropolitan area, county and state, who work in the arena both in public and private agencies.

3. Volunteer consultants and financial supporters of the community project.

4. Other local residents who are concerned with their community's development.

After getting out a comprehensive list of potential participants, determine how these people will be invited. Some can be sent invitations by mail with a phone call follow­up while others may need a personal visit. Follow­up by personal visits and telephone calls are necessary to answer questions, provide additional information and secure definite registrations. Publicity materials can be designed to reach a broader audience. News releases can be placed in local papers to give a brief description of the module and enrollment procedures. Fliers can be designed for mass distribution to provide information on the day. Door­to­door visitation within the local community can be organized through block clubs or other local organizations.


Adequate leadership of Human Development Training Modules requires a team of people with various skills to fill the basic roles throughout the day. Since an important aspect of the training involves communicating corporate methods that allow diverse people to work effectively together, the demonstration of the leadership team's working together is crucial. One overall coordinator familiar with Human Development Projects and skilled in workshop methods is needed to orchestrate the day and, where necessary, to train others for specific roles. One or two people with direct experience in Human Development Projects are required to do the two talks and to serve as resource people. It is preferable for one of these to be from outside the host community because of the objectivity and fresh insights possible from other experiences. One or two people from local communities (not professionals or staff, just local leaders) are also needed. At least one of these needs to be from the host community to serve as emcee for the day. This would be a basic team of 3­5 people. Prior to the module this team would meet to make assignments to cover the following roles: Host, Module Overview, Field Visit, Implementation Talk, Panel Moderator and Workshop Leader. An important aspect of this team is that it illustrate a range of role models including effective orchestrator, local leadership and resource staff adequate to the perspectives of the participants. In addition to this core team, additional people will be needed (depending on the size of the module) to lead field visits, subgroup discussions and to serve as resource and practice staff.

The following are the specific tasks required for each of the assignment roles:

Host: A community leader welcomes people to the module and the project site.

Module Overview: This talk covers the whole module arena and is done by the coordinator.

Field Visit: Community residents host module participants for the field visit. If the group is large, they break into groups of about twenty to facilitate the tour.

Implementation Talk. This talk is a testimony to the possibility of developing the module arena in any community, preferably done by a local resident who has been actively engaged in the project.

Panel Moderator. A member of the project staff introduces the panel and makes sure that all questions are adequately answered. This person should have questions on hand to keep the dialogue moving.

Workshop Leader: This role may be played by anyone with workshop training and experience to create the plan that will be done by the community.

Lunch Preparation and Room Set­up: These practical tasks are done by local residents and Project staff.


1. Space Design

A meeting space which will accommodate 40­60 persons is needed. Criteria to be considered in the selection are.

1. Adequate space to seat anticipated participants around tables.

2. A central location to facilitate the tour of the community in the morning session.

3. Easy access to a meal preparation and/or service area.

4. Free use of the space or minimal rental fee.

5. A location to which all residents of the community will be willing to come.

Equipment and materials which are needed include:

1. Tables

2. Chairs

3. Blackboard, chalk, erasers

4. Butcher paper

5. Magic markers

6. Masking tape

7. Paper and pencils for participants

  1. Decor items such as:

Community map

Local symbols (e.g., community logos, flags)

Photos of the community (before and after)

Display of any industrial/commercial products

Global map with other Human Development Projects marked on it.

9. Name tags

10. Ash trays

11. Food service equipment

12. Plastic garbage bags

2. Food Service

A hot lunch is served as a part of the module design. In order to keep preparation and service time to a minimum' a simple though substantial menu is in order. Past experience has shown that restaurants and fast food chains are sometimes willing to participate in the day by providing the meal with no charge.

Coffee and doughnuts are served during the morning registration period. A simple "finger food" afternoon snack is also served. Coffee, tea, and a cold beverage are served at these times as well as at lunch.